glossary of health terms

Whole grain

is the entire seed of a plant that contains the bran, germ and endosperm.

Iron

is an essential mineral that assists in the formation red blood cells, bringing oxygen to organs and muscles. Iron is found in meats, poultry, fish, dried fruits, whole grain cereals, legumes and dark leafy green vegetables.

Calcium

is the most important mineral for building bone density, preventing bone loss and treating osteoporosis.

Vitamin D

is a vitamin that helps your body use and absorb calcium. Health Canada recommends that adults over the age of 50 take a daily vitamin D supplement of 400 IU.

Vitamin B12

assists to convert folic acid to make DNA and blood cells.

Vitamin A

plays a large role in the growth and development of our eyes and skin. It is a fat soluble vitamin that is stored in our liver and is usually sourced from meats and compounds found in plants foods, known as carotenoids.

Vitamin B2

is a water-soluble vitamin also known as riboflavin and is one of eight B vitamins. B vitamins assist the body to convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is converted to produce energy.

Thiamin

is a water-soluble vitamin also known as vitamin B1 and is one of eight B vitamins that helps convert carbohydrates into fuel. It is essential for the functioning of the heart, muscles and nervous system.

Niacin

is a water-soluble vitamin also known as vitamin B3 and is one of eight B vitamins that helps the digestive system, skin and nerves to function. It is also essential to metabolic health.

Phosphorous

works in collaboration with calcium to build strong bones and teeth and is also present in cells and tissues.

Vegan

is a diet that is based on grains, vegetables, legumes, seeds, nuts, but excludes meat, fish or fowl, dairy and eggs or products containing these foods.

Vegetarian

is a person who does not eat meat, fish or fowl or products containing these foods.

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